His father Karl Johann Brömse was a decorative painter and Mecklenburg, born in Rostock. After an apprenticeship as a decorative painter in his father's workshop, he received drawing and painting lessons at the Schlabitz private school in Berlin in 1891/1892. He then attended the Berlin Art Academy until 1898 and studied here mainly under Woldemar Friedrich , Christian Ludwig Bokelmann and the animal painter Paul Friedrich Meyerheim . Brömse completed an anatomy degree with Rudolf Virchow . He soon felt drawn to the graphic arts and received private instruction in engraving and etching from the engraver Louis Jacoby .
He returned home from Berlin and lived here for several years. During this time, between 1902 and 1903, he created his first large etching cycle “Death and the Maiden” in 14 sheets, which received the gold medal in 1906 in the Palais du Travail in Paris. This cycle was purchased by the royal copper engraving cabinet in Berlin and the modern galleries in Vienna and Prague.
After graduating, he worked as a freelance artist, first in Berlin, then in Franzensbad with a studio in Eger. In 1906 he moved to Prague, where he also worked as a freelance artist with great success. Here, between 1906 and 1908, a second cycle of ten sheets was created: “All being is flaming sorrow”. In 1907 he began with colored etching and in this and the following year he transformed the sheets of the first cycle into colored sheets. Numerous attempts at painting in a paint he made himself date from the last few years. Several of these pictures were exhibited and two of them, “A Day of Life” and “Lord of the Castle and House Spirit”, were bought by the Modern Gallery in Prague.Academy of Fine Arts in Prague. Also in 1910 he married the concert singer Else Schünemann.
Young artists from Brömse's circle founded the artist group “Die Pilger” in 1919, of which he became spiritual leader. Aside from his students Josef Hegenbarth , Emil Helzel and Leo Sternhell, important members were Mary Duras and Maxim Kopf . After Brömses death, the Prague Secession emerged from this group of artists .